NASA’s Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)-1 HEADS TO EARTH ORBIT
NASA launches NOAA’S Joint Polar Satellite System-1 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, at 1:47 a.m. JPSS-1 is a joint venture between NASA and NOAA. This satellite’s aim is to improve the timeliness and accuracy of U.S. weather forecasts.
Idea behind this venture is clearly stated by Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross,”The value of the new JPSS satellite cannot be understated after this tragic hurricane season. JPSS offers an unparalleled perspective on our planet’s weather, granting NOAA advanced insights which will be used to guard American lives and communities”.JPSS-1 is the first satellite of its own kind in NOAA’s series of four aimed at improving the accuracy of weather forcasting. It will orbit Earth from one pole to another, 14 times a day at a speed of 827km/s which will give planet coverage twice a day.
Although, satellite is designed to operate for seven years it has a potential for several more years to survive. JPSS-1 has five instruments, each of which is significantly upgraded from the instruments on NOAA’s previous polar-orbiting satellites. The more-detailed observations from JPSS will allow forecasters to make more accurate predictions. JPSS-1 data will also improve recognition of climate patterns that influence the weather, such as El Nino and La Nina.
JPSS-1 is a huge milestone for both NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).“Building and launching JPSS-1 underscores NOAA’s commitment to putting the most scientifically advanced satellites as possible into orbit, giving our forecasters – and the public – greater confidence in weather forecasts up to seven days in advance, including the potential for severe or dangerous weather,” said Stephen Volz, Ph.D., director of NOAA’s Satellite and Information Service.
INSTRUMENTS OF JPSS-1:
Sandra Smalley, director, NASA’s Joint Agency Satellite Division said in an interview with a news reporter,“Today’s launch is the latest example of the strong relationship between NASA and NOAA, contributing to the advancement of scientific discovery and the improvement of the U.S. weather forecasting capability by leveraging the unique vantage point of space to benefit and protect humankind”
IMAGE SOURCE: http://www.jpss.noaa.gov/launch.html